The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is hoping to put the brakes on rear-end crashes with advanced safety technology recommendations. The NHTSA is updating their 5-Star Rating System to include automatic emergency braking (AEB) starting with car models coming out in 2018. The AEB systems have the potential to prevent rear-end crashes and reduce the impact speed of crashes by automatically applying the brakes. Officials with the NHTSA want AEB technology to be widely available to consumers.
Driver Inattention and Rear-End Crashes
Most rear-end crashes are due to driver inattention. Whether it’s a case of texting behind the wheel or some other type of distracted behavior, one thing is for certain. These collisions are preventable. Avoiding a rear-end accident means applying the brakes in time and allowing for plenty of time and space to safely maneuver one’s vehicle. On average, it takes a driver five seconds to read or send a text. A lot can happen in five seconds, and if you’re looking at your phone, you’re not prepared to apply the brakes when you need to.
AEB Systems on New Cars
AEB systems use radar, camera sensors and driver inputs to determine if and when to apply brakes. AEB technology has two different systems to help avoid and reduce crashes and the severity of crashes. Crash Imminent Braking (CIB) kicks in to apply brakes when a rear-end crash is imminent and the driver isn’t taking action to avoid the crash. Dynamic Brake Support (DBS) supplements the driver’s braking input if the driver isn’t applying sufficient braking to avoid a rear-end crash.
After a Rear-End Accident
Since the technology is still a few years away from being introduced into the market on a large scale, it could be a while before we see a serious reduction in rear-end crashes in California and across the nation.